Complete Preparation Course for NUST NET Engineering

NUST | Nust Net

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Vocabulary for NET

An extensive and diverse vocabulary is vital for students to score highly in the English section of the NET, as it helps students in attempting many different types of questions such as synonyms, antonyms, choosing the correct word etc.

The following vocabulary list has been derived from the past papers as well as from questions similar to the NET. An example sentence has been added to explain the meaning as well as elaborate the usage of each word, and an added variety of synonyms and antonyms have been added for further learning.

Word

Synonyms (Similar) 

Antonyms (Opposite)

Abate

I gave her some cookies, as an attempt to abate her sadness.

moderate, decrease

aggravate, supplement

Abject

When the criminals entered the house, it created an abject terror.

despicable, servile

commendable, praiseworthy

Abjure

The misguided tourist abjured his religion upon enjoying the privileges of the west.

forsake, renounce

approve, sanction

Abortive

The protest against the government proved abortive.

vain, unproductive

effectual productive

Absolve

The priest may absolve people for their sins.

pardon, forgive

compel, accuse

Accord

The views of the new Head of Department accorded well with the rest of the team.

agreement, harmony

disagreement, discord

Acrimony

It is difficult to avoid such acrimony when you get divorced.

harshness, bitterness

courtesy, benevolence

Accidently

She accidentally dropped all the eggs.

unexpectedly

unwittingly

inadvertently

intentionally

deliberately

advisedly

Adamant

He is adamant on getting what he wants.

stubborn, inflexible

flexible, soft

Adherent

   His research proved he was an adherent of Darwin.

follower, disciple

rival, adversary

Adjunct

Soon History was adjunct to her courses.

joined, added

separated, subtracted

Admonish

She knew better than to admonish this job offer.

counsel, reprove

approve, applaud

Adversity

True friends help you in the times of adversity.

misfortune, calamity

prosperity, fortune

Alien

He has an alien presence in the class.

foreigner, outsider

native, resident

Allay

A lotion of sodium bicarbonate is useful to allay itching.

pacify, soothe

aggravate, excite

Alleviate

These medicines will help alleviate your pain.

abate, relieve

aggravate, enhance

Alliance

The different alliances during war greatly impact politics.

union

league

association

enmity,

discord,

antagonism

Allure

The village elder had an alluring personality.

entice, fascinate

repulse, repel

Amalgamation

Miners benefit greatly from the amalgamation of gold.

admixture, alloy, amalgam, blend, cocktail, combination

component, constituent, element, ingredient

Amplify

He tried to allure her with his talents.

enlarge, extend

lessen, contract

Antipathy

The prince tried to reciprocate the antipathy, but alas he failed.

hostility, aversion

admiration, fascination

Annihilate

The intents of all evil beings is to annihilate the heroes.

crush, decimate, demolish, eradicate, exterminate, extinguish, finish off

bear, build, construct, create, fix, aid, approve

Apathy

Political apathy is no different than siding with ignorance.

unconcern, indifference

concern, care

Arraign

He was arraigned on allegations of murder.

charge, blame

exculpate, pardon

Audacity

Who hear has the audacity to stand against the government?

boldness, arrogance

mildness, cowardice

Authentic

If you quote religious scriptures be sure they are authentic in nature.

genuine, reliable

fictitious, unreal

Awkward

She cannot do the presentation, she is too awkward.

clumsy, rough

clever, apt

Axiom

You cannot use that unproven axiom as the basis of your paper

maxim, truth

absurdity, blunder

Baffle

It baffles me how some people can just ignore academics.

frustrate, perplex

compose, facilitate

Bane

My cruel teacher will be the bane of my existence.

affliction, curse, nemesis, scourge

benefit, blessing, boon, felicity

Barbarous

The old kingdom was known for its barbarous acts on civilians.

uncivilized, savage

cultured, humane

Benevolence

He was known for his benevolent way of ruling.

humanity, generosity

malevolence, inhumanity

Bewitching

She has a rather bewitching smile.

magical, fascinating

repulsive, repugnant

Bizarre

His expectations for highschool were merely bizarre.

absurd, crazy, fanciful, fantastic

realistic, reasonable

Boundary (NET-2016)

It is important to teach children about their personal boundaries.

Border

borderline

partition

periphery

interior

estate

center

inside

Bleak

Snow makes her usually bright garden seem bleak.

dismal, gloomy

bright pleasant

Brittle

Grandmother is of brittle health, take care of her.

delicate, fragile

tough, enduring

Bustle

He did not like the bustle of city life.

haste, flurry

slowness, quiet

Canny

She is canny about her wishes for her life.

astute, clear-eyed, clear-sighted 

unknowing

Calamity

May God protect us from the calamity of war.

adversity, misfortune

happiness, fortune

Callous

The man who stole from the beggar is a callous person.

obdurate, unfeeling

compassionate, tender

Calumny

He was a target of calumny for his controversial opinions.

defamation, aspersion

commendation, praise

Capable

He was a capable student yet he did not qualify for the job.

competent, affable

incompetent, inept

Captivate

Her beauty would often captivate those around her.

charm, fascinate

disillusion, offend

Captivity

For a long time the prisoners of war were held in captivity by the soldiers.

imprisonment, confinement

freedom, liberty

Cataclysm

Any galactic cataclysm will easily wipe us all out.

alluvion, bath, cataract, deluge, flood, flood tide, inundation, Niagara, overflow

blessing, boon, good fortune, good luck, happiness miracle wonder success

Cavity

The ground is uneven with cavities.

depth, depression

elevation, projection

Cease

To save our people, we must cease the war.

terminate, desist

begin, originate

Chaste

Her chaste nature is how she gained the trust of the nuns.

virtuous, pure

sullied, lustful

Cheeky

Her cheeky persona made everyone want to befriend her.

bold, brash, saucy, impudent, insolent, nervy,

meek, mousy (or mousey), retiring, shy, timid

Chastise

The old lady needs any excuse to chastise any young child.

punish, admonish

cheer, encourage

Conjecture

For the mystery case he could only conjecture the possibility.

guess, shot, supposition, surmise

proof, reality, truth, calculation, certainty, fact, measurement

Compassion

Parents have immense compassion for their children.

kindness, sympathy

cruelty, barbarity

Comprise

This test comprises of three parts.

include, contain

reject, lack

Complex

The case was revealing to be more complex than we assumed.

compound, network, structure system

division, separation

Concede

The judge refused to concede his case.

yield, permit

deny, reject

Concur

You must concur with my conditions in order to get in.

approve, agree

differ, disagree

Consent

You must not visit her without her consent.

agree, permit

object, disagree

Consequence

There will always be consequences for your negative actions.

effect, outcome

origin, start

Consolidate

He left his job to consolidate his personal business.

solidify, strengthen

separate, weaken

Conspicuous

She could not hide the secret, as her behaviour was incredibly conspicuous.

prominent, obvious

concealed, hidden

Convenient

Studying local is convenient for travel.

 

acceptable, advantageous, agreeable, available, beneficial, comfortable, conducive

bad, disadvantageous, disagreeable, harmful, hindering, hurtful

Contempt

They viewed all politicians with great contempt.

scorn, disregard

regard, praise

Contradict

In debating it is necessary to contradict your opponent's views.

deny, oppose

approve, confirm

Contrary

They will always have contrary views, no matter the discussion.

dissimilar, conflicting

similar, alike

Crumble

The villain wanted the kingdom to crumble.

atrophy, decay, decline, degenerate, descend

ameliorate, improve, meliorate

Cynical

He has a cynical approach to all things in life.

misanthropic, pessimistic

un-cynical

Dainty

To impress the Queen she wore a dainty dress.

elegant, delicate

clumsy, coarse

Dangle

Her earrings would often dangle.

droop, flap, hang, sling, sway, swing

disenchant, disgust, dissuade, repulse, turn off

Decay

The plants have decayed beyond repair.

collapse, decompose

flourish, progress

Deceit

In card games players often deceit in order to win.

deception, artifice

veracity, sincerity

Decipher

He was unable to decipher the ancient texts.

interpret, reveal

misinterpret, distort

Dedicate

She dedicated her entire life for her career.

devote, consecrate

refuse, negate

Defer

He decided to defer university in order to earn money.

prolong, suspend

accelerate, expedite

Defile

They defile the reputation of those who oppose them.

contaminate, pollute

purify, sanctity

Defray

Part time jobs can help to defray domestic costs.

spend, pay

disclaim, repudiate

Deficit

The company is facing a deficit in funding/

crunch, dearth, deficiency, drought (also drouth), failure

abundance, adequacy, amplitude, opulence,

Deliberate

Her comments on his job were a deliberate attempt to discourage him.

cautious, intentional

rash, sudden

Delicious

Our mother makes delicious food.

palatable, tasteful

distasteful, unsavoury

Demolish

For the new building, they will have to demolish the remaining houses.

ruin, devastate

repair, construct

Deprive

The soldiers deprive the prisoners of their basic rights.

despoil, divest

restore, renew

Deride

It is easy to deride the colonists even for the work they did.

mock, taunt

inspire, encourage

Despicable

His despicable antics make him unlovable.

worthless, shameless

worthy, decent

Devilish

She had a devilish twinkle in her eyes.

baroque, excessive, exorbitant, extravagant, extreme, fancy, immoderate, inordinate

middling, moderate, modest, reasonable, temperate

Disdain

Mother showed disdain over her daughter’s clothing.

detest, despise

approve, praise

Disgorged

Zeus defeated Kronos who disgorged the other siblings.

regurgitate, discharge, retch, spew

bottle (up), contain, restrain, shut

Disparate

They never got along due to their disparate natures.

different, dissimilar, distant, distinct, distinctive

alike, identical, indistinguishable, kin

Eccentric

Celebrities are known for their eccentric clothing.

strange, abnormal

natural, conventional

Ecstasy

Upon admission, she was in a state of total ecstasy.

delight, exultation

despair, calamity, depression

Efface

Nothing can efface the last picture I have of them from my mind.

 

destroy, obliterate

retain, maintain

Effervescent

Sodas are of an effervescent nature.

fizzy, spumante,

aerated,

gassy

still, flat, depressed

Elevate

His test scores elevated his chances of getting into a good university.

dignify, heighten

deprecate, denounce

Eliminate

Scientists around the world have been fighting to eliminate cancer.

expel, oust

restore, accept

Eloquence

His eloquence had a great hold upon the masses.

expression, fluency

halting, stammering

Emancipate

The General Assembly had the ability to emancipate the slaves.

discharge, disenthrall , enfranchise, enlarge,

bind, confine, enchain, fetter, restrain

Emblazon

The emblazoned dress got a surprising question

adorned, ornament, illuminate

discolor, colorlessness

Emoticon

An emoticon portrays the mood of writer.

smiley,

facial gesture,

facial expression

 

Emulate

Aliya tried to emulate my success.

Copy, imitate

Original

Encumbrance

He assured me that this lake was the only encumbrance.

hindrance, obstacle

incentive, stimulant

Encounter

She encountered a dog during her walk in the woods.

meet, face, confront, combat

elude, escape, avoid

Endeavour

During this endeavour, he met his enemy.

undertake, aspire

cease, quit

Ennui

Eunni makes you do things; you won’t do otherwise.

boredom, lethargy, languor

animation, contentment

Enormous

Sun is an enormous ball of fire.

colossal, mammoth

diminutive, negligible

Epitome

She is an epitome of beauty.

precise, example

increment, expansion

Equivocal

Their demands received an equivocal answer.

uncertain, hazy

obvious, lucid

Eradicate

AIDS has been eradicated from the third world countries.

destroy, exterminate

secure, plant

Esteem

We shall never let our self-esteem down.

respect, regard

ridicule, spurn

Eternal

We should be concerned about our eternal destiny.

perpetual, endless

temporary, momentary

Euphonious

Her euphonious voice can make her an incredible singer.

mellow, mellifluous, sweet-sounding

cacophonous,

 

Evade

The thief tried to evade the prison.

avoid, elude

acknowledge, confront

Evanescent

Ali’s interest in cricket is evanescent and will disappear soon.

vanishing, disappearing, fading

unlimited, permanent

Evident

It was evident that he was flabbergasted.

obvious, apparent

obscure, concealed

Excavate

They excavated an ancient city.

dig, gouge, cut-out

fill level

Exasperating

Exasperation was evident on Mark’s face.

infuriate

anger

madden

enrage

delight

please

delightful

Expedient

It is expedient to check the weather forecast before setting out on a journey.

advantageous, desirable, feasible, judicious, opportune

disadvantageous, impossible, unfeasible, unreasonable, unwise

Exemplify

We should exemplify this case by thinking of a train moving away from the platform.

demonstrate, illustrate, instance

demonstrate, illustrate, instance

Extrinsic

Acid rain is the major cause of the extrinsic damage to the buildings.

extraneous, foreign, exterior

intrinsic

Fabricate

The rival party fabricated the whole scenario.

construct, produce

destroy, dismantle

Facet

The society should not be given the right to meddle in every facet our lives.

surface, angle, dimension

 

Fallacy

It’s a fallacy to think that life is easy.

delusion, mistake

veracity, truth

Falter

Sara’s voice faltered when her deceased grandmother was mentioned in the ceremony.

stumble, demur

persist, endure

Fanatical

The boss is fanatical about all the opinions of his employee.

narrow-minded, biased

liberal, tolerant

Fantastic

She showed a fantastic progress in her exams.

fanciful, uncommon

ordinary, normal

Fawning

The fawning salesman tried to convince the customer.

curry favor with, flattering

unservile, unsubmissive

Feeble

The feeble old man could not endure the pain of the strike and died on spot.

weak, frail

strong, robust

Feral

He was bit by a feral cat.

undomesticated, untamed, untrained

tame, pet

Ferocious

She is a ferocious teacher and does not listen the queries of the students.

cruel, fierce

gentle, sympathetic

Feud

The red dress caused the feud between two sisters.

strife, quarrel

fraternity, harmony

Filigree

Her paintings show a great deal of fine filigree work.

intricate work

blemish, scar

Flaunt

He likes to flaunt his wealth by buying expensive cars.

show-off

hide

Fleeting

We paid a fleeting visit to Paris.

transient, temporary

enduring, eternal

Flexion

Flexion is required to control the ability of index finger.

bending of a joint, fold

 

Flimsy

The two colonies had a flimsy barrier between them.

trifling, transparent

firm, tenacious

Fluctuate

The heartbeat of the patient fluctuated abnormally.

deflect, vacillate

stabilize, resolve

Forsake

Ali will never forsake his wife.

desert, renounce,

abandon

hold maintain

Fragile

The fragile frame of the painting broke from the heavy wind.

 

weak, infirm

enduring, tough

Frantic

Her abusive language became more and more frantic.

 

violent, agitated

subdued, gentle

Frivolous

He was a frivolous, idle and pathetic person.

petty, worthless

solemn, significant

Frowsy

Her room was always frowsy.

    untidy, messy

tidy

Frugality

The government must practice the strictest frugality and economy.

economy, providence

lavishness, extravagance

Galvanize

The boss spoke with force to galvanize the team into action.

jolt, shock, spur

demotivate

Gambit

Repeat until you win the gambit.

scheme, stratagem

failure

Gaudy

Her wedding dress was gaudy in color and decent in style.

garish, lurid, loud

tasteful, drab

Gesticulate

She presents her family better and does not gesticulate violently.

gesture, signal

 

Gloom

His gloom reached new heights due to economic instability.

obscurity, darkness

delight, mirth

Glut

Her pantry was glutted with pulses.

stuff, satiate

starve, abstain

Glib

You are rather glib over here.

insincere, facile, disingenuous

sincere, thoughtful

Gorgeous

These are some gorgeous looking flowers.

magnificent, dazzling

dull, unpretentious

Gracious

The way he talks, he seems gracious and friendly.

courteous, beneficent

rude, unforgiving

Grisly

Ahmed sent me grisly photos of yesterday’s crime scene.

disgusting, atrocious

pleasing, attractive

Grudge

She does not bear a grudge towards anyone.

hatred, aversion

benevolence, affection

Guile

Ali is a man full of guile.

cunning, deceit

honesty, frankness

Guise

I didn’t recognize her in the guise of a homeless woman.

appearance, shape, image

plainness

Gull

She was gulled into believing that Ashraf was his brother.

dupe, trick, fool

disclose, undeceive

Harangue

The team was given the half-time harangue from its captain.

lecture, sermon

acclaim, approval

Hallucination

Due to excessive use of medicine, he has been having hallucinations.

illusion, phantom, aberration, apparition, fantasy

reality, experience, fact, truth

Hamper

He was hampered from moving forward.

retard, prevent

promote, facilitate

Haphazard

The books were piled on the table in a haphazard way.

random, unsorted

considered, arranged

Hapless

He is a hapless businessman.

unfortunate, ill-fated

fortunate, lucky

Hanged

The court ordered to hang the criminal.

attach, bend, drape, drift, flap, float

abandon, detach, disregard, forget 

Harass

Nobody is allowed to harass his/her colleague.

irritate, molest

assist, comfort

Haughty

He always speaks in a haughty tone with the poor.

arrogant, pompous

humble, submissive

Hazard

The poor quality of air in this city has become a hazard for all inhabitants.

Peril, danger

conviction, security

Heinous

He admitted all of his heinous crimes in front of the judge.

 

horrible, abominable

admirable

Herculean

It is a herculean task to pass the CSS exam.

difficult, tough

easy

Heretic

He was criticized for being heretic.

non-conformist, secularist

conformable, religious

Hermetic

The hermetic seal should be used on the packets for the food to last longer.

abstruse, deep

simple, clear-cut

Hiatus

My doctor advised me to take a hiatus from my job after the surgery.

pause, break

continuation

Hideous

I saw a hideous monster in my dream.

frightful, shocking

attractive, alluring

Hone

We should hone our skills everyday.

sharpen, gring

blunt

Humane

Animals deserve humane treatment from us.

compassionate, sympathetic

cruel, inhumane

Hypocrisy

Everyone dislikes him for his hypocrisy.

deception, affectation

sincerity, honesty

Hypothetical

I am impressed by his hypothetical questions.

debatable, imaginary, problematic, speculative, theoretical, vague

certain, definite, factual, real sure

Icon

Michael Jackson is a music icon.

 

figure, idol, picture, portrait, symbol

nobody, non-celebrity

Ilk

He and his ilk talk complete nonsense.

class, category

 

Illicit

I don’t like him because of his illicit activities.

unlawful, prohibited

legal, lawful

Indigenous

Indians have their own indigenous customs.

aboriginal, autochthonous, born

nonindigenous, nonnative

Infinitesimal

Even the infinitesimal amount of this poison can kill you.

 

atomic, bitsy, bitty, itty-bitty (or itsy-bitsy), little bitty, microscopic 

astronomical (also astronomic), colossal, cosmic (also cosmical), elephantine, enormous, giant

Investigate

After the complete investigation, the police declared him a thief.

consider, examine, explore, inspect interrogate

answer, forget, ignore, neglect

Immaculate

Your apartment always looks immaculate.

unsullied, spotless

defiled, tarnished

Immense

He made an immense amount of money in business.

huge, enormous

puny, insignificant

Immerse

He immersed himself totally in his work.

submerge, involve

emerge, uncover

Imminent

After the murder of the officer, the arrival of the police was imminent.

impending, brewing

distant, receding

Immolate

Some religious traditions in the past used to immolate the widow with her dead husband.

kill, burn

assist, aid

Immunity

We need to develop a strong immunity to fight against the covid-19.

prerogative, privilege

blame, censure

Impair

Excess intake of alcohol impairs the thinking abilities.

diminish, deteriorate

restore, revive

Impartial

A judge must remain impartial to both the parties.

just, unbiased

prejudiced, biased

Impediment

Inflation is the greatest impediment to the economic development of our country.

hurdle, obstruction

assistance, concurrence

Impetuous

His impetuous behavior is responsible for his loss in business.

unplanned, imprudent

cautious, considered

Impious

Being an atheist doesn’t mean one is impious.

irreligious, unholy

pious, devout

Impute

He imputed his failure to sluggishness.

attribute, ascribe

exculpate, support

Inadvertently

She inadvertently called the wrong person.

accidently, in all innocence

deliberately

Inane

The friend’s gatherings always ended with doing inane things.

empty, meaningless, pointless, senseless

meaningful, significant

Incarnate

The little boy wrote a letter for his mother and he incarnated all his love he felt for her.

physical, fleshy

non-material

Incisive

His speech was incisive and convincing.

penetrating, keen

rambling, vague

Inclination

I don't have the inclination to go and meet him.

disposition, affection

disinclination, indifference

Incompetent

I had to fire him because he is incompetent for this job.

inefficient, unskilled

dexterous, skilled

Incongruous

Everything seems incongruous here.

inappropriate, absurd

compatible, harmonious

Indigent

I try to help indigent persons as much as I can.

poor, penniless

rich

Inevitable

Death is inevitable.

unavoidable, ascertained

unlikely, doubtful

Infringe

He infringed upon her privacy by checking her messages.

violate, encroach

comply, concur

Ingenuous

She eyed Ali with her ingenuous eyes.

undisguised, naïve

wily, crafty

Innocuous

Everybody tells innocuous lies every day to run life smoothly.

harmless, safe

obnoxious, harmful

Inscrutable

The detective had an inscrutable smile throughout the movie.

unreadable

expressive, transparent

Insinuate

She insinuated doubts in his mind.

allude, hint

conceal, camouflage

Insipid

The meal was rather insipid.

tasteless, vapid

delicious, luscious

Insolvent

The company was declared insolvent.

indigent, destitute

wealthy, solvent

Instill

They are trying to instill new ideas and thoughts in students.

inculcate, inject

eradicate, extract

Intransigent

He seems like an intransigent person.

inflexible, unbending

flexible

Intricate

He was stuck in such an intricate situation.

tangled, complicated

regulated, orderly

Intrigue

The palace was filled with intrigue.

scheme, conspiracy

 sincerity

Intrinsic

He believes that Sara is intrinsically good.

genuine, fundamental

extraneous, incidental

Invective

Her invective remarks about the robbery hurt me.

accusation, censure

approval, acclamation

Invincible

Alexander the great was an invincible fighter.

unconquerable, impregnable

effeminate, languid

Inquisitive

Being inquisitive does not mean one is not intelligent.

analytical, nosy, big-eyed, challenging, forward, impertinent, inquiring

incurious, indifferent, unconcerned, uninterested

Irrefutable

His demands are irrefutable.

indisputable, undeniable

unreliable

Irrepressible

Her love for sweet delights was irrepressible.

irresistible, unconfined

composed, hesitant

Jaded

He was jaded by the end of the day.

tired, exhausted

renewed, recreated

Jeopardy

The wildlife is in jeopardy.

danger, peril, insecurity

safety, security

Jettison

We had to jettison our plans due to Huda’s birthday.

abandon, abdicate

defend, assert, save

Jejune

Hania made jejune remarks about health and fitness.

dull, boring

interesting, exciting

Jocular

Her mother is telling a jocular childhood story.

funny, comic, drool

serious, earnst

Jovial

She is in a jovial mood, right now.

frolicsome, cheerful

solemn, morose

Jubilant

She was jubilant after her success.

rejoicing, triumphant

melancholy, depressing

Judicious

He is a judicious lawyer.

thoughtful, prudent

irrational, foolish

Junta

Nation was controlled when there was junta at the head of the government.

group, set

disarranged

Just

It was a just meeting.

honest, impartial

unequal, unfair

Justify

You don’t need to justify anything.

defend, exculpate

impute, arraign

Juvenile

Juvenile crimes were increased at that time.

young, tender

dotage, antiquated

Keen

She is keen to learn French.

sharp, poignant

vapid, insipid

Kiln

Tobacco needs to be settled in a kiln for its preservation.

stove, fire, glaze

 

Kindred

She has just met her kindred.

relation, species

unrelated, dissimilar

Kismet

I will reach my kismet if I continue the hard work.

fate, destiny

unfortunate

Knave

The knave and his gang are planning to rob the bank.

dishonest, scoundrel

paragon, innocent

Knell

I heard a knell for the funeral of my neighbor.

death knell, last, blow

reconstruction, rediscovery

Knotty

This series is going to be knotty because of its unusual characters.

Complicated, difficult

simple, manageable

Lacerating

He got a lacerating cut due to a severe accident.

gash, tear, rip

smooth

Laconic

I gave him a laconic explanation about the whole topic.

brief, short

long

Lavish

Everybody wants to have a lavish lifestyle.

abundant, excessive

scarce, deficient

Lax

He is becoming lax day by day.

slack, careless

firm, reliable

Lenient

I got an extremely lenient teacher for biochemistry.

compassionate, merciful

cruel, severe

Liable

My elder sister is the most liable among all of us.

accountable, bound

 

unaccountable, apt to

Liberal

I belong to a liberal family.

magnanimous, generous

stingy, malicious

Linger

The taste of the medicine lingered in my mouth.

loiter, prolong

hasten, quicken

Listless

His illness made him listless.

indifferent, inattentive

brisk, attentive

Liquor

She poured the brown liquid down the sink

Alcohol,

strong drink,

wine

N/A

Lucid

I had a lucid dream yesterday.

sound, rational

obscure, hidden

Lunacy

It was sheer lunacy spending all the money

delusion, insanity

normalcy, sanity

Lure

She can’t resist lure of bright lights.

attract, entice

repel, dissuade

Lurid

She had a strange, lurid smile.

exaggerated, ghastly, gory, grim, grisly, horrifying, macabre, obscene

clean, delightful, dull, mild, moral, nice, pleasant, pleasing, upright, humble, modest

Luscious

These pears are full of luscious flavors.

palatable, delicious

unsavoury, tart

Luxuriant

They are now overgrown with luxuriant vegetation.

profuse, abundant

scanty, meagre

Malice

Actions done with malice have no good intentions

animosity, animus, antipathy, bitterness, enmity, grudge, hatred

friendliness, friendship, good will, happiness, kindness

Maneuver

She was not able to maneuver his firm grip.

Wangle, Dodge, gambit,

contrivance

,manipulation

Honesty

sincerity

simplicity

Melodious

She has a melodious voice.

melodic, musical, tuneful

discordant, grating, inharmonious

Minute

She made minute changes in the report.

diminutive, miniature

large, colossal

Miraculous

He made a miraculous recovery after a dreadful accident.

marvelous, extraordinary

ordinary, trivial

Mirth

His eyes were twinkling with mirth.

Gaiety

pleasure

ecstasy

gloom

misery

Mitigate

The doctor gave me a prescription to mitigate the pain.

alleviate, relieve

augment, enhance

Modest

He charged a relatively modest fee for his work.

humble, courteous

arrogant, pompous

Molest

He was found guilty of molesting a young girl.

harass, tease

console, soothe

Mollify

He tried to mollify his critics with an apology.

appease, assuage

irritate, infuriate

Momentous

The momentous news was that war had begun.

notable, eventful

trivial, insignificant

Monotonous

 His voice was monotonous, expressionless and cold.

irksome, tedious

varied, pleasant

Moratorium

(The law called for a two year moratorium on commercial whaling.

Halt

Prohibition

Postponement

continuation

renewal

resumption

Munificent

Akbar was a munificent patron of literature.

liberal, hospitable

frugal, penurious

Murky

The light was too murky to continue playing.

dusky, dreary

bright shining

Mutinous

The mutinous sailors took control of the ship

recalcitrant, insurgent

submissive, faithful

Mutual

They felt a strong mutual attraction due to their bonding.

joint, identical

separate, distinct

Myopic

His mind is narrow and myopic.

nearsighted, shortsighted, biased, half-sighted

 

Nary

There was nary a dry eye in the palace.

Barely

Scarcely

hardly

some

all

Negligent

The council had been negligent in his supervision

inattentive, careless

vigilant, careful

Niggardly

He has been niggardly of money.

miser, covetous

generous, profuse

Nimble

The youth was smaller and nimble accustomed to navigating the forest.

prompt, brisk

sluggish, languid

Nonchalant

Dean answered in a voice as nonchalant as he could muster.

indifferent, negligent

attentive, considerate

Novice

Novice programmers sometimes make fundamental errors

tyro, beginner

veteran, ingenious

Noxious

Be careful, This chemical is noxious.

baneful, injurious

healing, profitable

Nullify

He used his broad executive powers to nullify decisions by local governments.

cancel, annual

confirm, uphold

Nuance

Because she's a chef, she notices every nuance of flavor in the meal.

Subtlety

gradation

shade

variation

brightness

glaze

brilliance

Numerous

There are numerous people in the building.

profuse, various

scarce, deficient

Obeisance

As a sign of obeisance, the soldiers saluted the president as he walked past them.

esteem

homage

tribute

veneration*

disobedience

noncompliance

Obstruct

A large tree obstructed the road.

impede, prevent

hasten, encourage

Obsequious

An excellent waiter is one who is obsequious and caters to a guest’s every need.

flattering

servile

unctuous

oily

arrogant

impudent

Obvious

Her doctor immediately noticed the obvious signs of the disease.

evident, apparent

obscure, ambiguous

Occult

The occult show about a group of teenage witches living together is one of the highest rated shows on television.

latent, ambiguous

intelligible, transparent

Odious

Mark had very few friends because of his odious personality.

malevolent, obnoxious

engaging, fascinating

Offensive

He was charged with carrying an offensive weapon.

abhorrent, arrogant

docile, compliant

Onerous

The new rules will place onerous responsibilities.

oppressive

grinding

tiresome

herculean

easy

effortless

Opaque

Jack's tinted car windows appear opaque to everyone.

obscure, shady

transparent, bright

Oracular

It is an oracular rule and the objective that economic freedom pursues as well.

cryptic, vague

lucid, distinct

Ordain

The recession may already be severe enough to ordain structural change.

order, impose

revoke, abolish

Ornamental

The metal eagle on the front of my Dad's car is ornamental.

decorative, adorned

unseemly, plain

Outbreak

She had an outbreak of measles a year and a half back.

eruption, insurrection

compliance, subjection

Outrage

The suggestion inevitably provoked outrage from student leaders.

offence, maltreatment

praise, favour

Overwhelm

He must have been overwhelmed with the responsibility.

triumph, subjugate

flounder, falter

Palaver

I had to listen a lot of palaver about politics.

nonsense

chatter

gossip

silence

quiet

Pamper

He was pampered all life and doesn't know how to function in the real world.

flatter, indulge

deny, disparage

Paramount

Staying on schedule is paramount to ensure confidence in the system.

foremost, eminent

trivial, inferior

Peerless

The peerless boxer never loses a fight.

matchless, unrivalled

mediocre, commonplace

Peevish

The clingy toddler became peevish every time his mother walked out of the room. 

perverse, sullen

suave, amiable

Perseverance

The disabled young man's perseverance allowed him to complete the marathon.

Persistence,

diligence

commitment

sloth

indolence

neglect

Peroration

The President's peroration was extremely passionate and heartfelt.

sermon

epilogue

speech

 

Pertness

He made up for it with the aggression and pertness, even towards his teachers.

flippancy, impudence

modesty, diffidence

Perverse

She has a perverse fascination with death.

petulant, obstinate

complacent, docile

Phenomenal

The performances have been absolutely phenomenal

exceptional

,staggering,

astounding

ordinary,

usual

Philanthropist

She is a philanthropist because she is always trying to feed homeless people.

Humanitarian

patron

benefactor

misanthropist

uncharitable

stingy

Placid

He had a placid nature.

tranquil, calm

turbulent, hostile

Pompous

The prince deserved better, although he was very pompous.

haughty, arrogant

unpretentious, humble

Posthumous

The lightning flashed in the east and thunder rumbled a posthumous threat.

after death,

post mortem

middle,

early

Proliferate

The HIV virus is able to proliferate at an astonishing rate.

accelerate, accumulate, appreciate, balloon,

contract, decrease, diminish, dwindle, lessen

Profession

He was a lawyer by profession.

Carrier

vocation

job

 

Precarious

I'm in a precarious situation now.

doubtful, insecure

assured, undeniable

Predicament

I hope you can understand the predicament I was in.

plight, dilemma

resolution, confidence

Premature

His career was bought to a premature end due to his knee injury.

precocious, untimely

belated, opportune

Presumably

Presumably, he speaks Spanish.

likely

doubtless

apparently

questionable

uncertain

Prodigious

He took a prodigious leap.

vast, enormous

unimpressive, diminutive

Prodigy

She was the one who told me that he was a child prodigy.

miracle, marvel

normal, average

Profligate

Their profligate lifestyle resulted in a bankruptcy.

dissolute, degenerate

virtuous, upright

Profuse

He broke out in profuse sweat.

lavish, abundant

scarce, scantly

Proscribe

Most states have laws that proscribe texting while driving.

prohibit, exclude

solicit, include

Protract

We won victory through protracted struggle.

prolong, delay

abbreviate, curtail

Provoke

His remarks provoked both tears and laughter.

inflame, incite

pacify, comfort

Prudent

It would be prudent to save some of the money.

cautious, discreet

impetuous, unwise

Pursuit

The sounds of pursuit grew fainter.

Chasing

stalking

trailing

pull back

disengage

Quack

Don't be taken in he's just a quack.

impostor, deceiver

upright, unfeigned

Quaint

His gentle courtesy and quaint speech won my heart.

queer, strange

familiar, usual

Quagmire

I stumbled into a quagmire of my own making.

difficulty

dilemma

agreement

solution

Quarantine

The infected patient was kept in quarantine.

seclude, screen

befriend, socialize

Quell

Her words did nothing to quell the anger boiling within him.

subdue, reduce

exacerbate, agitate

Questionable

Her motives for helping are questionable.

dubious, disputable

reliable, authentic

Quibble

Do not quibble over small matters.

equivocate, prevaricate

unfeigned, plain

Rapport

There was a good rapport between both.

Concord

bond

link

enmity

bitterness

Radiant

The sun appeared in all his radiance.

aglow, beaming, bright, glowing, sunny

dim, dull, lackluster, unbright, un-brilliant

Ratify

The Senate must ratify this point.

consent, approve

deny, dissent

Ravage

The forest was ravaged by the fire.

destroy, ruin

reconstruct, renovate

Rebate

You can claim a rebate on your tax.

abatement, deduction, discount reduction

increase, rise, escalation

Redeem

I cannot wait to redeem my loan.

recover, liberate

conserve, lose

Remnant

The remnants of plants were found on the ground.

residue, piece

entire, whole

Remonstrate

He got angry when I remonstrated him.

censure, protest

agree, loud

Remorse

There was no remorse on his face.

regret, penitence

ruthlessness, obduracy

Remote

He hiked to a remote area of Alaska.

inaccessible, farther

adjoining, adjacent

Rescind

The government was required to rescind all the obnoxious matters.

annul, abrogate

delegate, permit

Resentment

Woman looked at her in resentment.

displeasure, wrath

content, cheer

Resuscitate

Various efforts were done to resuscitate him but he died.

Rescue

revive

resurrect

extinguish

lay

quench

Retract

Refusing to retract, he was banished.

recant, withdraw

confirm, assert

Reverence

They treated the guests with reverence.

respect, esteem

disrespect, affront

Rout

They must rout all the enemy troops out of the country

vanquish, overthrow

succumb, withdraw

Rustic

They chose a rustic look for their Kitchen.

rural uncivilized

cultured, refined

Ruthless

The ruthless leader killed the new recruit.

remorseless, inhumane

compassionate, lenient

Sandbagger

He is a sandbagger in golf.

wangler

imposter

cheater

square shooter

undercharge

Sarcastic

She gave him a sarcastic smile.

ironical, derisive

courteous, gracious

Satellite

They put a weather satellite into orbit around the sun

Space station,

space craft

 

Saucy

His daughter is a saucy tomboy.

impudent, insolent

modest, humble

Scanty

I cannot get along with my scanty pay.

scarce, insufficient

lavish, multitude

Shabby

He wore a shabby coat.

miserable, impoverished

prosperous, thriving

Shrewd

She gave a shrewd look.

cunning, crafty

simple, imbecile

Slander

He was a target of slander

defame, malign

applaud, approve

Smudge

There was an ink smudge on the blank paper.

befoul, begrime, bemire, besmirch, blacken

clean, cleanse

Sneer

Her grin turned into a sneer.

mock, scorn

flatter, praise

Solicit

It was not her intend to solicit sympathy

entreat, implore

protest, oppose

Sporadic

She had a sporadic heartbeat when hospitalized.

intermittent, scattered

incessant, frequent

Squalid

The office was squalid and dark.

dirty, filthy

tidy, attractive

Stain

He had a black stain on his shirt.

blemish, tarnish

honor, purify

Stentorian

The stentorian music made my head hurt.

deafening

uproarious

loud

quiet,

soft

Stupor

He fell to the ground in a stupor

lethargy, unconsciousness

sensibility, consciousness

Subsequent

This will be discussed in subsequent chapters.

consequent, following

Preceding, Previous

Substantial

The check was for a substantial amount.

considerable, solid

tenuous, fragile

Subvert

The reels sought to subvert the tribunal power.

demolish, sabotage

generate, organise

Succeed

If I succeed, I want my powers back.

Triumph

achieve,

victorious

Fail

flop,

precede

Superficial

He got a superficial wound.

partial, shallow

profound, discerning

Sycophant

My sister has a sycophant nature.

parasite, flatterer

devoted, loyal

Taboo

There is a taboo on smoking in this office.

prohibit, ban

permit, consent

Taciturn

My brother is taciturn and rarely speaks in public.

reserved, silent

talkative, extrovert

Tedious

The method is very tedious in detail.

wearisome, irksome

exhilarating, lively

Temperate

The weather was temperate yesterday.

cool, moderate

boisterous, violent

Throng

 A throng of officers surrounded him.

assembly, crowd

dispersion, sparsity

Timid

He was shy and timid with strangers.

diffident, coward

bold, intrepid

Torpid

The torpid student slept in class.

indolent

dormant

static

active

lively

energetic

Tranquil

I am tranquil and happy now.

peaceful, composed

violent, furious

Transient

There is a transient population of visitors during the year.

temporal, transitory

lasting, enduring

Trenchant

He was shattered by his trenchant criticism

assertive, forceful

feeble, ambiguous

Trivial

They always spar over trivial matters.

trifling, insignificant

significant veteran

Tumultuous

Tumultuous expressions crossed his face.

violent, riotous

peaceful, harmonious

Tyro

She was a tyro in ballet.

beginner, learner

proficient, veteran

Umbrage

He took umbrage at her remarks.

resentment, bitterness

sympathy, goodwill

Uncouth

She found him loud mouthed and uncouth.

awkward, ungraceful

elegant, graceful

Usurp

The decision will usurp the powers of the committee.

seize, wrest

restore, compensate

Utterly

He was utterly repulsive to her.

completely, entirely

deficiently, incompletely

Vagrant

He was living a vagrant and miserable life.

wanderer, roaming

steady, settled

Valid

You made a valid point

genuine, authentic

fallacious, deceptive

Valour

He displayed great valour in the field.

bravery, prowess

fear, cowardice

Vanity

Vanity and pride lead to the downfall of men.

conceit, pretension

modesty, humility

Venerable

The cathedral is a venerable building.

esteemed, honoured

unworthy, immature

Venom

The venom of different kinds of snakes act differently.

poison, malevolence

antidote, benevolent

Veteran

My grandfather is a veteran of the second world war.

ingenious, experienced

novice, tyro

Vicious

A vicious circle is obviously involved.

corrupt, obnoxious

noble, virtuous

Vista

An endless vista stretched before me.

 

pageant

glimpse

sight

fogginess

duskiness

Vigilant

He watched public incidents with a vigilant eye.

cautious, alert

careless, negligent

Volatile

Prices of gold are volatile.

light, changing

heavy, ponderous

Vouch

I can vouch for this young lady.

confirm, consent

repudiate, prohibit

Vulgar

She has a coarse, vulgar laugh.

inelegant, offensive

elegant, civil

Waive

The store will waive their returning policy in extreme cases.

relinquish, remove

impose, clamp

Wan

She gave me a wan smile.

pale, faded

bright, healthy

Wane

The scandal caused his popularity to wane.

decline, dwindle

ameliorate, rise

Wary

His expression was wary, but he said nothing.

cautious, circumspect

heedless, negligent

Wed

They will wed in fall.

marry, combine

divorce, separate

Wicked

It was a wicked thing to do.

vicious, immoral

virtuous, noble

Wield

The man was wielding his gun.

use, employ

forgo, avoid

Wilt

The leaves started to wilt.

wither, perish

revive, bloom

Xenophobic

He passed xenophobic remarks in the meeting.

biased

jingo

racist

dogmatic

impartial

unbiased

unprejudiced

Yearn

You yearn for someone to talk.

languish, crave

content, satisfy

Yell

I did not mean to yell at you.

shout, shriek

whisper, muted

Yield

The tax is expected to yield millions.

surrender, abdicate

resist, protest

Yoke

Every farmer knows how to yoke oxens together.

connect, harness

liberate, release

Zeal

I am touched by her zeal and will power.

eagerness, fervour

apathy, lethargy

Zenith

The sun reached its zenith.

summit, apex

nadir, base

Zest

He has a zest for life.

delight, enthusiasm

disgust, passive

Zig-zag

The lightning made a zig-zag in the sky.

oblique, wayward

straight, unbent

 
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